Lactose oxidation over palladium catalysts supported on active carbons and on carbon nanofibres

Lactose oxidation over palladium catalysts supported on active carbons and on carbon nanofibres Liquid-phase lactose oxidation was investigated over supported Pd/C and Pd-carbon nanofibre catalysts, which were characterized by several methods. A complex relationship between catalyst activity and catalyst acidity was established, i.e. optimum catalyst acidity resulted in the highest activity in lactose oxidation. In-situ catalyst potential measurements during lactose oxidation gave information about the extent of accumulation of oxygen on the metal surface. These results could be correlated with catalyst deactivation, which was extensive over the most acidic catalysts at low reaction temperatures. Selectivity for the desired product, lactobionic acid, was a maximum of approximately 83% at 93% conversion. The main side-product was lactulose formed via isomerisation of lactose. Lower selectivity toward lactobionic acid was obtained when the rate of oxidation of lactose was low. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Lactose oxidation over palladium catalysts supported on active carbons and on carbon nanofibres

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry ; Catalysis
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-008-0023-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Liquid-phase lactose oxidation was investigated over supported Pd/C and Pd-carbon nanofibre catalysts, which were characterized by several methods. A complex relationship between catalyst activity and catalyst acidity was established, i.e. optimum catalyst acidity resulted in the highest activity in lactose oxidation. In-situ catalyst potential measurements during lactose oxidation gave information about the extent of accumulation of oxygen on the metal surface. These results could be correlated with catalyst deactivation, which was extensive over the most acidic catalysts at low reaction temperatures. Selectivity for the desired product, lactobionic acid, was a maximum of approximately 83% at 93% conversion. The main side-product was lactulose formed via isomerisation of lactose. Lower selectivity toward lactobionic acid was obtained when the rate of oxidation of lactose was low.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 22, 2009

References

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