Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) has important antioxidant and metabolic functions in both plants and animals, humans have lost the ability to synthesize it. Fresh produce is the major source of vitamin C in the human diet yet only limited information is available concerning its route(s) of synthesis in plants. In contrast, the animal vitamin C biosynthetic pathway has been elucidated since the 1960s. Two biosynthetic pathways for vitamin C in plants are presently known. The D-mannose pathway appears to be predominant in leaf tissue, but a D-galacturonic acid pathway operates in developing fruits. Our group has previously shown that transforming lettuce and tobacco with a cDNA encoding the terminal enzyme of the animal pathway, L-gulono-1,4-lactone oxidase (GLOase, EC 126.96.36.199), increased the vitamin C leaf content between 4- and 7-fold. Additionally, we found that wild-type (wt) tobacco plants had elevated vitamin C levels when fed L-gulono-1,4-lactone, the animal precursor. These data suggest that at least part of the animal pathway may be present in plants. To further investigate this possibility, wild-type and vitamin-C-deficient Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh (vtc) plants were transformed with a 35S:GLOase construct, homozygous lines were developed, and vitamin C levels were compared to those in untransformed controls. Wild-type plants transformed with the construct showed up to a 2-fold increase in vitamin C leaf content compared to controls. All five vtc mutant lines expressing GLOase had a rescued vitamin C leaf content equal or higher (up to 3-fold) than wt leaves. These data and the current knowledge about the identity of genes mutated in the vtc lines suggest that an alternative pathway is present in plants, which can bypass the deficiency of GDP-mannose production of the vtc1-1 mutant and possibly circumvent other steps in the D-mannose pathway to synthesize vitamin C.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera