Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2001, p. 112. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2001, p. 128. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2001 by Lopashov, Zemchikhina. BOOK REVIEWS Korochkin, L.I., Vvedenie v genetiku razvitiya (Introduction to Developmental Genetics), Moscow: Nauka, 1999 This book deserves approval. Its subjects are the of this phenomenon is the induction of a lens by the same as that of developmental biology, with special developing eye rudiment. These phenomena are also emphasis on the dependence of developmental mecha- closely connected with the genetic composition of the nisms on gene function. The Introduction provides a responding cells, as the latter respond to signals accord- general idea concerning the diversity of differentiation ing to their genotypes. These phenomena, as well as the of cell types in an animal organism (which is the main effects of their mediating factors and autonomous age- subject of the book). Chapter 1 describes the history of related changes in the cells responding to induction, are this science. The role of Russian scientists in its estab- analyzed in relation to the formation of a body plan. lishment, which has never been elucidated before, is This analysis ends with the description of these rela- described in sufﬁcient detail. The next chapter deals tionships for individual types of inducing molecules. In with introductory data on the decisive role of cell nuclei the next chapters, related phenomena are considered for in subsequent development. This material serves as a rudiments of individual organs, taking into account passage to the more detailed analysis of the regulation their genetic composition. The ﬁnal two chapters are of gene activity during development, which is very interesting. The ﬁrst deals with new data and the- described clearly and comprehensively. Chapter 3 is ories concerning evolutionary mechanisms. Not only concerned with the distribution of cytoplasmic compo- selection of small structural changes but also macromu- nents and their role in determining body shape and the tations (which cause saltatory structural changes and initial plan of the organism’s development. The next may give rise to new branches of animal evolution) are chapters describe the segmentation control and the role regarded as possible evolutionary mechanisms. The last of the homeosis genes that account for the transforma- chapter summarizes data discussed in the book and tion of some rudiments into others or for an increase in describes the organization of the genetic system con- trolling development. their number (development of four wings instead of two in ﬂies). In addition, experiments are described in The book reﬂects the state of the art in biology; it is which one organ is obtained instead of another when written plainly and clearly and is comprehensible for the corresponding gene is injected into a ﬂy embryo (to both specialists and students. It is signiﬁcant that the date, similar results have already been obtained with author has written an excellent book on the branch of amphibian embryos). These phenomena are deter- theoretical biology (combining developmental biology mined by “governing” genes (masters), which trigger and genetics) that has been almost forgotten in Russia. “subordinate” genes. The fact that this book has appeared now, when very The author describes embryonic induction, i.e., the few scientiﬁc books are published, is encouraging. development of certain organ rudiments under the G. V. Lopashov and V. N. Zemchikhina inﬂuence of other rudiments. The best known example 1022-7954/01/3701-0112$25.00 © 2001 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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