To study the kinetics of color degradation, the tomato paste was designed to be processed at three different temperatures including 60, 70 and 80 °C for 25, 50, 75 and 100 min. a/b ratio, total color difference, saturation index and hue angle were calculated with the use of three main color parameters including L (lightness), a (redness-greenness) and b (yellowness-blueness) values. Kinetics of color degradation was developed by Arrhenius equation and the alterations were modelled with the use of response surface methodology (RSM). It was detected that all of the studied responses followed a first order reaction kinetics with an exception in TCD parameter (zeroth order). TCD and a/b respectively with the highest and lowest activation energy presented the highest sensitivity to the temperature alterations. The maximum and minimum rates of alterations were observed by TCD and b parameters, respectively. It was obviously determined that all of the studied parameters (responses) were affected by the selected independent parameters.
Heat and Mass Transfer – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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