The results of long-term pioneering studies on in vitro micropropagation of Karelian birch patterned forms and simultaneous cytological analysis of plants multiplied using different periods of in vitro culturing are published for the first time. The patterned wood character has been shown to be correlated with the degree of mixoploidy of its somatic tissue, which is higher in the plants obtained from callus cultures during the first years of culturing. Subsequent intracellular selection leads to a decrease in mixoploidy and, hence, in a later expression and lower expressivity of the patterned wood character in regenerant plants. It is also known that extreme growth conditions stimulate the formation of patterned wood. Thus, Karelian birch may serve as a model object for studying the forms of variability (both genetic and epigenetic) that result in patterned wood. The genetic variability is expressed in the variation of the degree of mixoploidy of somatic tissue as a result of various mitotic aberrations. The epigenetic variability is not related to changes in the DNA structure; it is caused by different phenotypic effects of genes located in cells with different ploidy/aneuploidy levels, the ratio between which varies depending on the environmental conditions. The expression of genes, in particular, rRNA genes, is affected by extreme conditions. The appearance of a residual nucleolus at the mitotic metaphase-telophase stages is a cytological expression of this phenomenon.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 19, 2011
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera