Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment [saj] pp615-sebu-450813 October 7, 2002 10:5 Style ﬁle version June 4th, 2002
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 15, No. 1, January 2003 (
Juvenile Sex Offenders: Toward the Development
of a Typology
John A. Hunter,
Aurelio J. Figueredo,
Neil M. Malamuth,
and Judith V. Becker
Adolescent males who sexually offended against prepubescent children were con-
trasted with those who targeted pubescent and postpubescent females. As hy-
pothesized, path analyses revealed that the former group had greater deﬁcits in
psychosocial functioning, used less aggression in their sexual offending, and were
more likely to offend against relatives. Theorized relationships between devel-
opmental risk factors, personality mediators, and sexual and nonsexual offense
characteristics were assessed in both groups of juvenile sex offenders. Deﬁcits in
psychosocialfunctioningwerefound tomediatethe inﬂuenceofchildhoodexposure
to violence against females on adolescent perpetration of sexual and nonsexual
offenses. Additional univariate analyses were conducted to further explore some
associations among early risk factors,personality mediators,andoutcomes. Child-
hood physical abuse by a father or stepfather and exposure to violence against
females were found to be associated with higher levels of comorbid anxiety and
depression. Noncoercive childhood sexual victimization by a male nonrelative was
found to be associated with sexual offending against a male child. Clinical and
theoretical implications of the ﬁndings are discussed.
KEY WORDS: sexual offending; risk factors; mediators; juveniles.
Juveniles account for approximately one ﬁfth of the rapes, and one half of the
cases of child molestation, committed in the United States each year (Barbaree,
Departments of Health Evaluation Sciences, Psychology, and Psychiatric Medicine, University of
Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.
Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
Departments of Psychology and Communication Studies, University of California, Los Angeles,
To whom correspondence should be addressed at Department of Health Evaluation Sciences, Uni-
versity of Virginia, 3rd Floor, Hospital West, Room 3181, P. O. Box 800717 Charlottesville, Virginia
22908; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2003 Plenum Publishing Corporation