Isozyme Analysis in a Genetic Collection of Amaranths (Amaranthus L.)

Isozyme Analysis in a Genetic Collection of Amaranths (Amaranthus L.) In various populations of the cultivated and weedy amaranth species, the electrophoretic patterns of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) and malic enzyme (Me) were studied. In total, 52 populations and two varieties (Cherginskii and Valentina) have been examined. Allozyme variation of this material was low. Irrespective of species affiliation, 26 populations and two varieties were monomorphic for five enzymes; a slight polymorphism of three, two, and one enzymes was revealed in three, nine, and fourteen populations, respectively. A single amaranth locus, Adh, with two alleles, Adh F and Adh S, controls amaranth ADH. Two alleles, common Gdh S and rare Gdh F, control GDH; no heterozygotes at this locus were found. The MDH pattern has two, the fast- and slow-migrating, zones of activity (I and II, respectively). Under the given electrophoresis conditions, the fast zone is diffuse, whereas slow zone is controlled by two nonallelic genes, monomorphic Mdh 1 and polymorphic Mdh 2 that includes three alleles: Mdh 2-F, Mdh 2-N, and Mdh 2-S. Low polymorphism of IDH and Me was also found, though their genetic control remains unknown. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Isozyme Analysis in a Genetic Collection of Amaranths (Amaranthus L.)

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica"
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11177-006-0012-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In various populations of the cultivated and weedy amaranth species, the electrophoretic patterns of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) and malic enzyme (Me) were studied. In total, 52 populations and two varieties (Cherginskii and Valentina) have been examined. Allozyme variation of this material was low. Irrespective of species affiliation, 26 populations and two varieties were monomorphic for five enzymes; a slight polymorphism of three, two, and one enzymes was revealed in three, nine, and fourteen populations, respectively. A single amaranth locus, Adh, with two alleles, Adh F and Adh S, controls amaranth ADH. Two alleles, common Gdh S and rare Gdh F, control GDH; no heterozygotes at this locus were found. The MDH pattern has two, the fast- and slow-migrating, zones of activity (I and II, respectively). Under the given electrophoresis conditions, the fast zone is diffuse, whereas slow zone is controlled by two nonallelic genes, monomorphic Mdh 1 and polymorphic Mdh 2 that includes three alleles: Mdh 2-F, Mdh 2-N, and Mdh 2-S. Low polymorphism of IDH and Me was also found, though their genetic control remains unknown.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 17, 2006

References

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