Molecular genetics has identified dozens of genes that regulate flower development in Arabidopsis. However, the complexity of flower development suggests that many other genes are yet to be uncovered. To identify floral genes that are expressed at low levels in the flower, we have sequenced 1587 cDNA fragments from a subtractive floral cDNA library. A total of 1222 unique genes represented by these ESTs are distributed on all five chromosomes with similar frequencies as all predicted genes in the genome. Among these, 17 genes were shown to be expressed anywhere for the first time because they were not found in previous EST and full-length cDNA datasets. Furthermore, 724 of the genes revealed by this library were not definitively shown to be expressed in the flower by previous floral EST datasets. In addition, 49 transcriptional regulators, 31 protein kinases, 12 zinc-finger proteins and other signaling proteins were found to be present in floral buds. Moreover, the EST sequences likely extended the transcribed regions of 26 previously annotated genes, and may have uncovered several previously unrecognized genes. To obtain additional clues about possible gene function, we hybridized cDNA microarray with probes derived from wild-type Arabidopsis rosette leaves and floral buds. We estimated that over 50% of genes were expressed at levels lower than 1/30 of the highest detectable signal intensity, indicating that many floral genes are expressed at low levels. Furthermore, 97 genes were found to be expressed at a higher level in the flower than the leaf by the Significance Analysis of Microarray (SAM) method with a 1.0% false discovery rate (FDR). Further RT-PCR analyses of selected genes support the microarray results. We suggest that the genes encoding putative regulatory proteins and at least some proteins with currently unknown functions might play important roles during flowering.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera