Isolation of Japanese encephalitis virus and a novel insect-specific flavivirus from mosquitoes collected in a cowshed in Japan

Isolation of Japanese encephalitis virus and a novel insect-specific flavivirus from mosquitoes... Cattle do not generally appear to develop severe viremia when infected with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), and they can be infected without showing clinical signs. However, two cattle in Japan recently died from JEV infection. In this study, we investigated the presence of different species of mosquitoes and flavivirus in a cowshed in the southwest region of Japan. In this cowshed, the two most common species of mosquitoes collected were Culex tritaeniorhynchus (including Culex pseudovishnui) and Anopheles sinensis. We performed virus isolation from the collected mosquitoes and obtained two flaviviruses: JEV and a novel insect-specific flavivirus, tentatively designated Yamadai flavivirus (YDFV). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all three JEV isolates belonged to JEV genotype I and were closely related to a JEV strain that was isolated from the brains of cattle exhibiting neurological symptoms in Japan. Genetic characterization of YDFV revealed that the full genome RNA (10,863 nucleotides) showed homology with the Culex-associated insect-specific flaviviruses Quang Binh virus (79 % identity) and Yunnan Culex flavivirus (78 % identity), indicating that YDFV is a novel insect-specific flavivirus. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Isolation of Japanese encephalitis virus and a novel insect-specific flavivirus from mosquitoes collected in a cowshed in Japan

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/isolation-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-and-a-novel-insect-specific-CU2gGeUChF
Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-015-2488-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cattle do not generally appear to develop severe viremia when infected with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), and they can be infected without showing clinical signs. However, two cattle in Japan recently died from JEV infection. In this study, we investigated the presence of different species of mosquitoes and flavivirus in a cowshed in the southwest region of Japan. In this cowshed, the two most common species of mosquitoes collected were Culex tritaeniorhynchus (including Culex pseudovishnui) and Anopheles sinensis. We performed virus isolation from the collected mosquitoes and obtained two flaviviruses: JEV and a novel insect-specific flavivirus, tentatively designated Yamadai flavivirus (YDFV). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all three JEV isolates belonged to JEV genotype I and were closely related to a JEV strain that was isolated from the brains of cattle exhibiting neurological symptoms in Japan. Genetic characterization of YDFV revealed that the full genome RNA (10,863 nucleotides) showed homology with the Culex-associated insect-specific flaviviruses Quang Binh virus (79 % identity) and Yunnan Culex flavivirus (78 % identity), indicating that YDFV is a novel insect-specific flavivirus.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 18, 2015

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off