After exposure of cells of the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorphaHF246leu1-1 to N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, a collection of 227 mutants unable to grow on methanol at elevated temperature (45°C) was obtained. Ninety four ts mutants (35% of the total number of mutants), which were unable to grow on methanol only at 45°C but could grow at optimal temperature (37°C), were isolated. Complementation analysis of mutants using 12 deletion mutants for genes of peroxisome biogenesis (PEX) (available in this yeast species by the beginning of our work) allowed to assign 51 mutants (including 16 ts) to the separate group of mutants unable to complement deletion mutants with defects in eight PEX genes. These mutants were classified into three groups: group 1 contained 10pex10 mutants (4ts mutants among them); group 2 included 19 mutants that failed to complement otherpex testers: 1 pex1; 2 pex4(1ts); 6 pex5(5ts); 3 pex8; 1 pex13; 6 (3ts) pex19; group 3 contained 22 “multiple” mutants. In mutants of group 3, hybrids with several testers do not grow on methanol. All mutants (51) carried recessive mutations, except for mutant 108, in which the mutation was dominant only at 30°C, which suggests that it is ts-dominant. Recombination analysis of mutants belonging to group 2 revealed that only five mutants (two pex5 and three pex8) carried mutations for the corresponding PEX genes. Analysis of the spore population from the hybrids of remaining 14 mutants with the pex tester demonstrated the presence of methanol-utilizing segregants, which indicates mutation localization in other genes. In 19 mutants, random analysis of ascospores from hybrids obtained upon crossing mutants of group 3 with a strain lacking peroxisomal disorders (ade11) revealed a single mutation causing the appearance of a multiple phenotype. A more detailed study of two mutants from this group allowed us to localize this mutation in the only PEX gene (PEX1 or PEX2). The revealed disorder of complementation interactions between nonallelic genes is under debate.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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