After differential screening we isolated cDNA clones encoding a histone H1 (leH1) and three variants of histone H2B (leH2B-1, -2 and -3) from the gibberellin (GA)-deficient mutant of tomato (gib-1). The deduced polypeptide of leH1 is 271 amino acids long and exhibits the typical tripartite structure of histones H1. The full-length cDNA clone leH2B-1 encodes for a protein of 142 amino residues and shows the tripartite organization of histones H2B. The histones leH1 and leH2B, which show no tissue specificity, are developmentally expressed in the leaf. The mRNA accumulation was higher in organs which contain meristematic tissue and/or which have a high proportion of actively cycling cells. In the leaf of the gib-1 mutant we demonstrated GA-enhanced histone leH1 and leH2B expression which was not observed in the wild type. GAs of the early-13-hydroxylated pathway (GA1 and GA3) caused most enhanced transcription compared to GAs of the early-non-hydroxylation pathway (GA4 and GA9). Application of GA to the mutant increased histone expression that could correlate with enhanced DNA replication in leaf tissue. Increased chromosome replication may indicate that there is a higher rate of cell division and/or increase of endopolyploidy which both may be dependent on cell elongation induced by GAs.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 19, 2004
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