The NAD+ dependent cytosolic Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH, EC 126.96.36.199) from arms of Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier, 1787, (Octopoda, Cephalopoda) was purified to homogeneity and its kinetic properties investigated. The purification method consisted of ammonium sulfate fractionation followed by Blue Sepharose CL-6B chromatography resulting in a 26-fold increase in specific activity and a final yield of approximately 16%. The apparent molecular weight of the purified native enzyme was 153 kDa. The protein is an homotetramer, composed of identical subunits with an apparent molecular weight of approximately 36 kDa. The Michaelis constants Km for both NAD+ and d-G3P were 66 μM and 320 μM, respectively. The maximal velocity Vmax of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 21.8 U/mg. Only one GAPDH isoform (pI 6.6) was obtained by isoelectrofocusing in polyacrylamide slab gels holding ampholyte generated pH gradients. Under the conditions of assay, the optimum activity occurs at pH 7.0 and at temperature of 35°C. Polyclonal antibodies raised in rabbits against the purified GAPDH immunostained a single 36 kDa GAPDH band on crude extract protein preparations blotted onto nitrocellulose.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 21, 2007
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