Isolation and characterization of a polymorphic stigma-specific class III peroxidase gene from Senecio squalidus L. (Asteraceae)

Isolation and characterization of a polymorphic stigma-specific class III peroxidase gene from... A novel stigma-specific class III peroxidase gene, SSP (Stigma-Specific Peroxidase), has been isolated from the self-incompatible daisy Senecio squalidus L. (Asteraceae). Expression of SSP in flower buds is developmentally regulated, with maximal levels of expression coinciding with anthesis, when stigmas are most receptive to pollen and when self-incompatibility is fully developed. In situ hybridization revealed SSP expression to be localized exclusively to the specialized secretory epidermal cells (papillae) of the stigma, which receive and discriminate pollen. SSP is therefore the first tissue-specific and cell-specific peroxidase gene identified in a plant. SSP belongs to a distinct clade of class III plant peroxidases that possess two introns, instead of the more normal situation of three conserved introns. The deduced amino acid sequence of SSP revealed a 27 amino acid signal peptide, suggesting that the SSP protein is secreted to the cell wall of the stigmatic papillae. In-gel peroxidase activity assays showed that SSP has relatively low peroxidase activity compared to other, as yet uncharacterized, peroxidases present in stigmatic extracts. Six SSP alleles have been cloned from different lines of S. squalidus carrying a range of self-incompatibility (S)-alleles but there was no consistent association between the presence of a particular SSP allele and S-genotype indicating that SSP is not the female determinant of SSI in S. squalidus. Nevertheless, the precise expression of SSP in stigmatic papillae suggests that it may have a more general function in pollen–stigma interactions, or alternatively in protection of stigmas from pathogen attack. Extensive database screens have identified homologues of SSP in other plant species, but available expression data for these genes indicates that none are flower-specific, suggesting that SSP represents a new functional type of class III peroxidase specific to the stigma. We discuss the possible function(s) of S. squalidus SSP in pollen–stigma interactions and in protection of stigmas from pathogen attack. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Isolation and characterization of a polymorphic stigma-specific class III peroxidase gene from Senecio squalidus L. (Asteraceae)

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-polymorphic-stigma-specific-class-2YNHjMIsKm
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-005-1426-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A novel stigma-specific class III peroxidase gene, SSP (Stigma-Specific Peroxidase), has been isolated from the self-incompatible daisy Senecio squalidus L. (Asteraceae). Expression of SSP in flower buds is developmentally regulated, with maximal levels of expression coinciding with anthesis, when stigmas are most receptive to pollen and when self-incompatibility is fully developed. In situ hybridization revealed SSP expression to be localized exclusively to the specialized secretory epidermal cells (papillae) of the stigma, which receive and discriminate pollen. SSP is therefore the first tissue-specific and cell-specific peroxidase gene identified in a plant. SSP belongs to a distinct clade of class III plant peroxidases that possess two introns, instead of the more normal situation of three conserved introns. The deduced amino acid sequence of SSP revealed a 27 amino acid signal peptide, suggesting that the SSP protein is secreted to the cell wall of the stigmatic papillae. In-gel peroxidase activity assays showed that SSP has relatively low peroxidase activity compared to other, as yet uncharacterized, peroxidases present in stigmatic extracts. Six SSP alleles have been cloned from different lines of S. squalidus carrying a range of self-incompatibility (S)-alleles but there was no consistent association between the presence of a particular SSP allele and S-genotype indicating that SSP is not the female determinant of SSI in S. squalidus. Nevertheless, the precise expression of SSP in stigmatic papillae suggests that it may have a more general function in pollen–stigma interactions, or alternatively in protection of stigmas from pathogen attack. Extensive database screens have identified homologues of SSP in other plant species, but available expression data for these genes indicates that none are flower-specific, suggesting that SSP represents a new functional type of class III peroxidase specific to the stigma. We discuss the possible function(s) of S. squalidus SSP in pollen–stigma interactions and in protection of stigmas from pathogen attack.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 31, 2005

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off