A novel stigma-specific class III peroxidase gene, SSP (Stigma-Specific Peroxidase), has been isolated from the self-incompatible daisy Senecio squalidus L. (Asteraceae). Expression of SSP in flower buds is developmentally regulated, with maximal levels of expression coinciding with anthesis, when stigmas are most receptive to pollen and when self-incompatibility is fully developed. In situ hybridization revealed SSP expression to be localized exclusively to the specialized secretory epidermal cells (papillae) of the stigma, which receive and discriminate pollen. SSP is therefore the first tissue-specific and cell-specific peroxidase gene identified in a plant. SSP belongs to a distinct clade of class III plant peroxidases that possess two introns, instead of the more normal situation of three conserved introns. The deduced amino acid sequence of SSP revealed a 27 amino acid signal peptide, suggesting that the SSP protein is secreted to the cell wall of the stigmatic papillae. In-gel peroxidase activity assays showed that SSP has relatively low peroxidase activity compared to other, as yet uncharacterized, peroxidases present in stigmatic extracts. Six SSP alleles have been cloned from different lines of S. squalidus carrying a range of self-incompatibility (S)-alleles but there was no consistent association between the presence of a particular SSP allele and S-genotype indicating that SSP is not the female determinant of SSI in S. squalidus. Nevertheless, the precise expression of SSP in stigmatic papillae suggests that it may have a more general function in pollen–stigma interactions, or alternatively in protection of stigmas from pathogen attack. Extensive database screens have identified homologues of SSP in other plant species, but available expression data for these genes indicates that none are flower-specific, suggesting that SSP represents a new functional type of class III peroxidase specific to the stigma. We discuss the possible function(s) of S. squalidus SSP in pollen–stigma interactions and in protection of stigmas from pathogen attack.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 31, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera