Isolation and characterization of a new enterovirus F in yak feces in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

Isolation and characterization of a new enterovirus F in yak feces in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau An enterovirus (EV) strain, designated as SWUN-AB001, was isolated in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau from a yak with severe diarrheal disease. The complete genome of strain SWUN-AB001 was 7,382 bp in length and shared 35.1–68.5% nt identities with bovine EVs belonging to a candidate new type EV-F7. Using the sequence difference values in the VP1 gene as a criterion for demarcating a new serotype/genotype in the Enterovirus genus, strain SWUN-AB001 had only a 71.1% nt and a 79.2% aa identity, in the VP1 region, with the most closely matched EV, further indicating that a new type of EV had been identified. Phylogenetic analysis of the nt sequence of the viral polyprotein and of VP1 genes demonstrated that the virus fell within the EV-F cluster, but was located in a unique lineage. Furthermore, a large-scale surveillance study indicated that the prevalence of this EV in yaks was 31.05% (95% CI = 25.5–37.6%) in 235 animals with diarrhea and 24.13% (95% CI = 17.4–32.4%) in 116 healthy yaks. However, there was no significant difference in virus prevalence between diarrheal and healthy samples. Interestingly, in the Tibet region, diarrheal feces had a higher incidence of EVs than feces of healthy yaks (odd ratios = 6.03, 95% CI = 1.93–18.86), indicating that the incidence of EV was potentially correlated with the clinical symptom of diarrhea in yaks. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Isolation and characterization of a new enterovirus F in yak feces in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-016-3119-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

An enterovirus (EV) strain, designated as SWUN-AB001, was isolated in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau from a yak with severe diarrheal disease. The complete genome of strain SWUN-AB001 was 7,382 bp in length and shared 35.1–68.5% nt identities with bovine EVs belonging to a candidate new type EV-F7. Using the sequence difference values in the VP1 gene as a criterion for demarcating a new serotype/genotype in the Enterovirus genus, strain SWUN-AB001 had only a 71.1% nt and a 79.2% aa identity, in the VP1 region, with the most closely matched EV, further indicating that a new type of EV had been identified. Phylogenetic analysis of the nt sequence of the viral polyprotein and of VP1 genes demonstrated that the virus fell within the EV-F cluster, but was located in a unique lineage. Furthermore, a large-scale surveillance study indicated that the prevalence of this EV in yaks was 31.05% (95% CI = 25.5–37.6%) in 235 animals with diarrhea and 24.13% (95% CI = 17.4–32.4%) in 116 healthy yaks. However, there was no significant difference in virus prevalence between diarrheal and healthy samples. Interestingly, in the Tibet region, diarrheal feces had a higher incidence of EVs than feces of healthy yaks (odd ratios = 6.03, 95% CI = 1.93–18.86), indicating that the incidence of EV was potentially correlated with the clinical symptom of diarrhea in yaks.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 25, 2016

References

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