Is the concept of forgiveness universal? a cross-cultural perspective comparing western and eastern cultures

Is the concept of forgiveness universal? a cross-cultural perspective comparing western and... To understand the conceptualizations of forgiveness more comprehensively, both the cognitive and emotional aspects of for- giveness were investigated across different cultures. Two studies examined cultural similarities and differences in the conceptu- alizations of forgiveness. In Study 1, we compared idioms of the Chinese and English languages. In Study 2, we compared transgression-related writings between Hong Kong Chinese and Americans. In Study 1 (N = 204), we found that the basic presumptions of forgiveness (i.e., the recognition of transgression and the idea of cancelling debt) were similar across cultures. The cognitive dimension of forgiveness (which involves virtues that preserve social relationships) was more frequently observed in Chinese idioms than English idioms. In Study 2 (N = 68), we found that similar emotional responses (e.g., shame and guilt) arose across cultures following one’s own wrongdoing. Chinese writers were more likely to adopt higher cognitive processing in understanding forgiveness than American writers, as was reflected in their writings. . . . Keywords Forgiveness Cross-cultural comparison Idioms Transgression-related writings Introduction On the other hand, cross-cultural differences in identifying the importance of letting go of resentment toward the wrong- Forgiveness is considered a virtue or character strength that doer have been found. For http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Psychology Springer Journals

Is the concept of forgiveness universal? a cross-cultural perspective comparing western and eastern cultures

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Psychology; Psychology, general; Social Sciences, general
ISSN
1046-1310
eISSN
1936-4733
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12144-018-9875-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To understand the conceptualizations of forgiveness more comprehensively, both the cognitive and emotional aspects of for- giveness were investigated across different cultures. Two studies examined cultural similarities and differences in the conceptu- alizations of forgiveness. In Study 1, we compared idioms of the Chinese and English languages. In Study 2, we compared transgression-related writings between Hong Kong Chinese and Americans. In Study 1 (N = 204), we found that the basic presumptions of forgiveness (i.e., the recognition of transgression and the idea of cancelling debt) were similar across cultures. The cognitive dimension of forgiveness (which involves virtues that preserve social relationships) was more frequently observed in Chinese idioms than English idioms. In Study 2 (N = 68), we found that similar emotional responses (e.g., shame and guilt) arose across cultures following one’s own wrongdoing. Chinese writers were more likely to adopt higher cognitive processing in understanding forgiveness than American writers, as was reflected in their writings. . . . Keywords Forgiveness Cross-cultural comparison Idioms Transgression-related writings Introduction On the other hand, cross-cultural differences in identifying the importance of letting go of resentment toward the wrong- Forgiveness is considered a virtue or character strength that doer have been found. For

Journal

Current PsychologySpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References

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