Purpose Indications and advantages of parathyroidectomy in patients with normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism (NHPT) are still matter of debate. We aimed to compare clinical presentation and surgical outcome between normocalcemic and hypercalcemic forms in a consecutive series of patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism. Methods Data of 731 consecutive patients were reviewed and retrospectively compared according to normocalcemic (group A) and hypercalcemic (group B) phenotypes. Results No significant differences were found between the two groups concerning demographics and symptomatic onset. Mean preoperative PTH levels were significantly higher in group B (252.0 ± 320.7 pg/ml vs 151.7 ± 112.0; p < 0.001). Mean PTH levels in first postoperative day were significantly lower in group B (30.9 ± 26.2 vs 22.7 ± 20.7; p < 0.001). No significant difference in overall accuracy of preoperative imaging studies was found. Significantly more patients in group A underwent bilateral explorations (83 vs 255; p < 0.05). The rate of multigland disease was significantly higher in group A (13.0 vs 6.8%; p < 0.05). At a mean follow-up period of 72.9 ± 46.8 months, all but three patients, among the 96 of group A who completed follow-up evaluation, were biochemically cured. The remaining patients had
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 14, 2018
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