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Neural stem cells (NSCs) serve as the source of both neurons and support cells, and neurogenesis is reportedly linked to the circadian clock. This study aimed to clarify the functional role of the circadian rhythm-related nuclear receptor, REV-ERBβ, in neurogenesis of NSCs from adult brain. Accordingly, Rev-erbβ expression and the effect of Rev-erbβ gene-specific knockdown on neurogenesis in vitro was examined in adult rodent NSCs. Initial experiments confirmed REV-ERBβ expression in cultured adult NSCs, while subsequent gene expression and gene ontogeny analyses identified functional genes upregulated or downregulated by REV-ERBβ. In particular, expression levels of factors associated with proliferation, stemness, and neural differentiation were affected. Knockdown of Rev-erbβ showed involvement of REV-ERBβ in regulation of cellular proliferation and self-renewal of cultured adult NSCs. Moreover, Rev-erbβ-knockdown cells formed neurons with a slightly shrunken morphology, fewer new primary neurites, and reduced length and branch formation of neurites. Altogether, this suggests that REV-ERBβ is involved in neurite formation during neuronal differentiation of cultured adult NSCs. In summary, REV-ERBβ is a known circadian regulatory protein that appears to be involved in neurogenesis via regulation of networks for cell proliferation and neural differentiation/maturation in adult NSCs.
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 3, 2018
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