Involvement of cell-wall invertase in low-temperature hardening of tobacco plants

Involvement of cell-wall invertase in low-temperature hardening of tobacco plants Specific features of low-temperature hardening (6 days at 8°C) of cold-sensitive tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum, cv. Samsun) related to changes in the cell-wall invertase activity were studied. During cold hardening, oppositely directed changes in this enzyme activity occurred in tobacco leaves and roots. In the leaves, cell-wall invertase was activated (approximately by 30%), the content of sugars increased (approximately by 25%), and the content of sucrose, the main transport form of sugars, in the apoplast reduced by three times; all these changes indicate that assimilate outflow from leaves to roots was inhibited. In contrast, in the root system, enzyme activity was decreased almost twice and the content of sugars in them was essentially unchanged. It is suggested that a strategy of low-temperature adaptation of cold-sensitive tobacco plants aimed at creating the high cold tolerance of aboveground parts, even at the expense of the root system, which, under conditions of native vegetation, is not practically exposed to damaging low temperatures. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Involvement of cell-wall invertase in low-temperature hardening of tobacco plants

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443713020167
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Specific features of low-temperature hardening (6 days at 8°C) of cold-sensitive tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum, cv. Samsun) related to changes in the cell-wall invertase activity were studied. During cold hardening, oppositely directed changes in this enzyme activity occurred in tobacco leaves and roots. In the leaves, cell-wall invertase was activated (approximately by 30%), the content of sugars increased (approximately by 25%), and the content of sucrose, the main transport form of sugars, in the apoplast reduced by three times; all these changes indicate that assimilate outflow from leaves to roots was inhibited. In contrast, in the root system, enzyme activity was decreased almost twice and the content of sugars in them was essentially unchanged. It is suggested that a strategy of low-temperature adaptation of cold-sensitive tobacco plants aimed at creating the high cold tolerance of aboveground parts, even at the expense of the root system, which, under conditions of native vegetation, is not practically exposed to damaging low temperatures.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 17, 2013

References

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