Involvement of Aquaporin-5 Water Channel in Osmoregulation in Parotid Secretory Granules

Involvement of Aquaporin-5 Water Channel in Osmoregulation in Parotid Secretory Granules Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of channel proteins that allow water or very small solutes to pass, functioning in tissues where the rapid and regulated transport of fluid is necessary, such as the kidney, lung, and salivary glands. Aquaporin-5 (AQP5) has been demonstrated to localize on the luminal surface of the acinar cells of the salivary glands. In this paper, we investigated the expression and function of AQP5 in the secretory granules of the rat parotid gland. AQP5 was detected in the secretory granule membranes by immunoblot analysis. The immunoelectron microscopy experiments confirmed that AQP5 was to be found in the secretory granule membrane. Anti-AQP5 antibody evoked lysis of the secretory granules but anti-aquaporin-1 antibody did not and AQP1 was not detected in the secretory granule membranes by immunoblot analysis. When chloride ions were removed from the solution prepared for suspending secretory granules, the granule lysis induced by anti-AQP5 antibody was inhibited. Furthermore, 4,4′-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid, an anion channel blocker, blocked the anti-AQP5 antibody-induced secretory granule lysis. These results suggest that AQP5 is, expressed in the parotid gland secretory granule membrane and is involved in osmoregulation in the secretory granules. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Involvement of Aquaporin-5 Water Channel in Osmoregulation in Parotid Secretory Granules

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-005-0736-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of channel proteins that allow water or very small solutes to pass, functioning in tissues where the rapid and regulated transport of fluid is necessary, such as the kidney, lung, and salivary glands. Aquaporin-5 (AQP5) has been demonstrated to localize on the luminal surface of the acinar cells of the salivary glands. In this paper, we investigated the expression and function of AQP5 in the secretory granules of the rat parotid gland. AQP5 was detected in the secretory granule membranes by immunoblot analysis. The immunoelectron microscopy experiments confirmed that AQP5 was to be found in the secretory granule membrane. Anti-AQP5 antibody evoked lysis of the secretory granules but anti-aquaporin-1 antibody did not and AQP1 was not detected in the secretory granule membranes by immunoblot analysis. When chloride ions were removed from the solution prepared for suspending secretory granules, the granule lysis induced by anti-AQP5 antibody was inhibited. Furthermore, 4,4′-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid, an anion channel blocker, blocked the anti-AQP5 antibody-induced secretory granule lysis. These results suggest that AQP5 is, expressed in the parotid gland secretory granule membrane and is involved in osmoregulation in the secretory granules.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2005

References

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