We studied the development of direct axonal connections of the accessory neurosecretory hypothalamic nuclei with the posterior pituitary lobe on the fixed rat brain from day 15 of embryogenesis until day 10 of postnatal development using the retrograde diffusion method of the lipophilic fluorescent carbocyanine dye 1,1"-dioctadecyl-3,3,3",3"-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate along the neuronal membranes. The marker was applied onto the posterior pituitary lobe and, after incubation in a fixative, fluorescing bodies of nerve cells were visualized in the hypothalamus. Neuronal axons of the retrochiasmatic nucleus were the first of the accessory nuclei to ingrow in the posterior pituitary lobe (on days 16–17 of embryogenesis). Neurons of the circular and dorsolateral nuclei and the nuclei of the median bundle of the forebrain sent their axons to the posterior pituitary lobe starting from the first days of postnatal development. No direct connections of the anterior commissure and perifornical accessory nuclei with the posterior pituitary lobe were found in perinatal development. These facts are discussed in the light of concepts about the different functional role of accessory peptidergic hypothalamic nuclei in rats.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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