Investigation of wave phenomena on a blunt airfoil with straight and serrated trailing edges

Investigation of wave phenomena on a blunt airfoil with straight and serrated trailing edges An investigation of pressure waves in compressible subsonic and transonic flow around a generic airfoil is performed in a modified shock tube. New comprehensive results are presented on pressure waves in compressible flow. For the first time, the influence of trailing edge serration will be examined in terms of the reduction in pressure wave amplitude. A generic airfoil is tested in two main configurations, one with blunt trailing edges and the other one with serrated trailing edges in a Mach number range from 0.6 to 0.8 and at chord Reynolds numbers of 1 × 106 < Re c < 5 ×106. The flow of the blunt trailing edge is characterized by a regular vortex street in the wake creating a regular pattern of upstream-moving pressure waves along the airfoil. The observed pressure waves lead to strong pressure fluctuations within the local flow field. A reduction in the trailing edge thickness leads to a proportional increase in the frequency of the vortex street in the wake as well as the frequency of the waves deduced from constant Strouhal number. By serrating the trailing edge, the formation of vortices in the wake is disturbed. Therefore, also the upstream-moving waves are influenced and reduced in their strength resulting in a steadier flow. An increasing length of the saw tooth enhances the three dimensionality of the structures in the wake and causes a strong decrease in the wave amplitude. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Investigation of wave phenomena on a blunt airfoil with straight and serrated trailing edges

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-015-2009-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

An investigation of pressure waves in compressible subsonic and transonic flow around a generic airfoil is performed in a modified shock tube. New comprehensive results are presented on pressure waves in compressible flow. For the first time, the influence of trailing edge serration will be examined in terms of the reduction in pressure wave amplitude. A generic airfoil is tested in two main configurations, one with blunt trailing edges and the other one with serrated trailing edges in a Mach number range from 0.6 to 0.8 and at chord Reynolds numbers of 1 × 106 < Re c < 5 ×106. The flow of the blunt trailing edge is characterized by a regular vortex street in the wake creating a regular pattern of upstream-moving pressure waves along the airfoil. The observed pressure waves lead to strong pressure fluctuations within the local flow field. A reduction in the trailing edge thickness leads to a proportional increase in the frequency of the vortex street in the wake as well as the frequency of the waves deduced from constant Strouhal number. By serrating the trailing edge, the formation of vortices in the wake is disturbed. Therefore, also the upstream-moving waves are influenced and reduced in their strength resulting in a steadier flow. An increasing length of the saw tooth enhances the three dimensionality of the structures in the wake and causes a strong decrease in the wave amplitude.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 19, 2015

References

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