Investigation of TiO2-added refractory brick properties from calcined magnesite raw material

Investigation of TiO2-added refractory brick properties from calcined magnesite raw material This paper is the second part of a study on recycling magnesite and chromite ore (in the 0–10−3 m fraction) powder, which remains as a production process waste. In this work, 90% magnesite-10% chromite composition was used as a brick composition. Compaction pressure, sintering temperature, ratio of TiO2 addition, and influence of bonding type on refractory properties were examined. In refractory brick production, one of the most important parameters that affects the properties of the product is the particle size distribution of the blend. Experiments show that using a magnesite particle size of −10−3 m and a chromite particle size of −63×10−6 m affects the properties of the product in a positive way. Experiment blends with the particle sizes selected above were used. Magnesite ore was used in experiments after calcination at 1200°C for four hours. In the experiments we mention, MgCl2 and MgSO4 solutions were used as a bonding agent, as a result of which a 6% bonding ratio of MgCl2 and MgSO4 solutions was determined as optimum. The effect of compacting pressure on the refractory properties was studied, and the optimum compacting pressure was determined as 180 MPa. For bricks prepared using calcined magnesite, the optimum sintering temperature was found to be 1750°C. The positive effect of TiO2 addition on the magnesite chrome refractory brick structure has been reported in the literature. Thus, 1, 3, 5, and 7 wt.% TiO2 ratios were used in the blend, and the refractory properties were positively affected by the 3% TiO2 addition. Taking the result of the MgCl2 and MgSO4 bonding solution into consideration, it is clear that the refractory properties of brick can be improved by using a mixture of MgCl2 and MgSO4 bonding solutions. In light of the above concept, bonding mixtures with 1:3, 1:5, and 1:10 ratios were prepared, and these bonding mixtures were studies as a bonding material. The experimental results show that the cold crushing strength (CCS) and volume density of bricks increase, whereas the porosity decreases when a 1:5 ratio of MgCl2 and MgSO4 in the bonding mixture and 3% TiO2 addition were used. Microstructural study of the produced bricks was done using scanning electron microscope (SEM). In addition to this, the phases forming the structure of brick were examined via x-ray diagrams of the material. In bricks where a mixture of a 1:5 MgCl2: MgSO4 bonding solution was used as bonding agent and 3% TiO2 was added, spinel (magnochromite (MgCr2O4)), magnesium orthotitanate (Mg2TiO4), monticellite (CaMgSiO4), and forsterite (Mg2SiO4) phases were found. The perovskite phase was not observed during the experimental study. Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Springer Journals

Investigation of TiO2-added refractory brick properties from calcined magnesite raw material

Loading next page...
Springer US
Copyright © 2008 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Materials Science; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Materials Science, general; Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial