Investigation of thermal convection in water columns using particle image velocimetry

Investigation of thermal convection in water columns using particle image velocimetry Particle image velocity measurements were applied on thermally driven convection at low Rayleigh numbers. In a model experiment using a water column heated from bottom and cooled from above, the velocity field was studied at different vertical temperature gradients. In the testing facility with high aspect ratio (about 19) representing a 1-m-long column with 5 cm diameter, occurrence of free convection was verified for destabilizing temperature gradients of 0.1–2 K/m. The PIV results revealed that significant flow exists already at low vertical temperature gradients. The velocity of the stable large-scale circulations increased linearly with temperature gradient (<1 K/m) from 8 × 10−5 to 1 × 10−3 m/s. At higher temperature gradients (1–2 K/m), a transition from quasi-stationary into time-dependent flow was observed, where convection cells changed position, number, and form temporarily. The motivation of this research was to gain more insight into density-driven convection in boreholes and groundwater monitoring wells. Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Investigation of thermal convection in water columns using particle image velocimetry

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Copyright © 2012 by Springer-Verlag
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer; Fluid- and Aerodynamics
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