The Huisgen reaction has been used to synthesize five-membered heterocyclic compounds in high yield and with high regio and stereoselectivity. In the synthesis of spiro [pyrrolidine-2,3′-oxindole] derivatives from isatin, α-amino acids, and (E)-β-phenyl nitroolefins, two regioisomers were obtained in each reaction. The regioselectivity of the major product was found to be different from that in reported work, and was investigated at the B3LYP/6-311G* level of theory. On the basis of this new finding, several conditions, for example molar ratio, solvent, and temperature, which affect the regioselectivity of this reaction were investigated; the results obtained are discussed. It was found that the regioselectivity of this reaction was affected by solvent and temperature, irrespective of the ratio of the reactants. Low temperature and high solvent polarity leads to high regioselectivity, and protic solvents result in higher yield and regioselectivity. These results are of benefit for regioselective synthesis of some compounds.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 30, 2012
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