Investigation of internal pressure gradients generated in electrokinetic flows with axial conductivity gradients

Investigation of internal pressure gradients generated in electrokinetic flows with axial... Field amplified sample stacking (FASS) is used to increase sample concentrations in electrokinetic flows. The technique uses conductivity gradients to establish a non-uniform electric field that accumulates ions within a conductivity gradient, and can be readily integrated with capillary electrophoresis. Conductivity gradients also cause gradients in near-wall electroosmotic flow velocities. These velocity gradients generate internal pressure gradients that drive secondary, dispersive flows. This dispersion leads to a significant reduction in the efficiency of sample stacking. This paper presents an experimental investigation of internally generated pressure gradients in FASS using micron-resolution particle image velocimetry (μPIV). We measure velocity fields of particles seeded into an electrokinetic FASS flow field in a glass microchannel with a single buffer–buffer interface. μPIV allows for the direct quantification of local, instantaneous pressure gradients by analyzing the curvature of velocity profiles. Measurements show internally generated pressure-driven velocities on the order of 1mm/s for a typical applied electric field of 100 V/cm and a conductivity ratio of 10. A one-dimensional (1D) analytical model for the temporal development of the internal pressure gradient generation is proposed which is useful in estimating general trends in flow dynamics. Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Investigation of internal pressure gradients generated in electrokinetic flows with axial conductivity gradients

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Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
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