Heat transfer properties vary locally and temporally in internal combustion engines due to variations in the boundary layer flow. In order to characterize the dynamics in the boundary layer, crank-angle resolved high-speed micro particle image velocimetry (μPIV) and particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) have been used for near-wall velocity measurements in a spark-ignition direct-injection single cylinder engine. A 527-nm dual cavity green Nd:YLF laser was used for velocity measurements near the cylinder head wall between the intake and exhaust valves in the tumble mean flow plane parallel to the cylinder axis. A long-distance microscope was used to obtain a spatial resolution of 45 μm. Flow fields were determined from 180 to 490 CAD in the compression and expansion strokes. The data show significant variation in the flow during the compression and expansion strokes and from cycle to cycle. Flow deceleration was observed during the end of the compression that continued during the expansion stroke until 400 CAD when the flow direction reverses. Sub-millimeter-sized vortical structures were observed within the boundary layer over extended periods of time.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 7, 2010
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