Investigating the Surface Expression of the Renal Type IIa Na+/P i -Cotransporter in Xenopus laevis Oocytes

Investigating the Surface Expression of the Renal Type IIa Na+/P i -Cotransporter in Xenopus... We have combined a functional assay, surface labeling and immunocytochemical methods to compare total and surface-exposed renal type IIa Na+/P i cotransporter protein. The wild-type type cotransporter (NaPi-IIa) and its functionally comparable cysteine mutant S460C were expressed in Xenopus oocytes. S460C contains a novel cysteine residue that, when modified by preincubation with methanethiosulfonate reagents, leads to complete suppression of cotransport function. This allowed surface labeling of the S460C using MTSEA-Biotin and confirmation by electrophysiology on the same cell. Protein was analyzed by Western blotting before and after streptavidin precipitation and by immunocytochemistry and immunogold electronmicroscopy. MTSEA-Biotin treatment resulted in a complete inhibition of S460C-mediated Na+/P i -cotransport activity, which indicated that all transporters at the surface were biotinylated. After biotinylation, only a small fraction of total S460C protein was precipitated by streptavidin compared with the total amount of S460C protein detected in the lysate. Light- and electron-microscopy analysis of oocytes showed a large amount of WT and S460C transporter protein beneath the oocyte membrane. These data indicate that the apparent weak labeling efficiencies of surface-biotinylation-based assays of membrane proteins heterologously expressed in oocytes can be related to diminished incorporation of the protein in the oolemma. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Investigating the Surface Expression of the Renal Type IIa Na+/P i -Cotransporter in Xenopus laevis Oocytes

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2001 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002320010059
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We have combined a functional assay, surface labeling and immunocytochemical methods to compare total and surface-exposed renal type IIa Na+/P i cotransporter protein. The wild-type type cotransporter (NaPi-IIa) and its functionally comparable cysteine mutant S460C were expressed in Xenopus oocytes. S460C contains a novel cysteine residue that, when modified by preincubation with methanethiosulfonate reagents, leads to complete suppression of cotransport function. This allowed surface labeling of the S460C using MTSEA-Biotin and confirmation by electrophysiology on the same cell. Protein was analyzed by Western blotting before and after streptavidin precipitation and by immunocytochemistry and immunogold electronmicroscopy. MTSEA-Biotin treatment resulted in a complete inhibition of S460C-mediated Na+/P i -cotransport activity, which indicated that all transporters at the surface were biotinylated. After biotinylation, only a small fraction of total S460C protein was precipitated by streptavidin compared with the total amount of S460C protein detected in the lysate. Light- and electron-microscopy analysis of oocytes showed a large amount of WT and S460C transporter protein beneath the oocyte membrane. These data indicate that the apparent weak labeling efficiencies of surface-biotinylation-based assays of membrane proteins heterologously expressed in oocytes can be related to diminished incorporation of the protein in the oolemma.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2001

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