Quality & Quantity 38: 367–379, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Investigating Question Meaning and Context Through In-Depth Interviews PAUL BEATTY National Center for Health Statistics WENDY DAVIS HICKS U.S. Census Bureau EMILIE SCHMEIDLER and CORINNE KIRCHNER American Foundation for the Blind Key words: in-depth interviewing, cognitive interviewing, survey methods, questionnaire design, disability statistics. 1. Introduction The objective of this article is to demonstrate the usefulness of in-depth interview- ing to illuminate the meaning of survey ﬁndings. In particular, the study described here was designed to explore the meaning of two survey statistics addressing the prevalence of visual impairment in the United States. Two surveys have been used in recent years to provide such estimates: the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Both surveys have included a question about the inability to read newspaper print at a functional level as a key measure. The NHIS measure asks “Wearing your (glasses/contact lenses) if that is how you see best . . . can you see well enough to read newspaper print?” The SIPP measure asks “Do you have difﬁculty seeing the words and letters in ordinary newspaper print
Quality & Quantity – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 4, 2004
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