Inverse Relationship Between Membrane Lipid Fluidity and Activity of Na+/H+ Exchangers, NHE1 and NHE3, in Transfected Fibroblasts

Inverse Relationship Between Membrane Lipid Fluidity and Activity of Na+/H+ Exchangers, NHE1 and... This report presents a study of the effects of the membrane fluidizer, benzyl alcohol, on NHE isoforms 1 and 3. Using transfectants of an NHE-deficient fibroblast, we analyzed each isoform separately. An increase in membrane fluidity resulted in a decrease of ≈50% in the specific activities of both NHE1 and NHE3. Only V max was affected; K Na was unchanged. This effect was specific, as Na+, K+, ATPase activity was slightly stimulated. Inhibition of NHE1 and NHE3 was reversible and de novo protein synthesis was not required to restore NHE activity after washout of fluidizer. Inhibition kinetics of NHE1 by amiloride, 5-(N,N-dimethyl)amiloride (DMA), 5-(N-hexamethyl)amiloride (HMA) and 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)amiloride (EIPA) were largely unchanged. Half-maximal inhibition of NHE3 was also reached at approximately the same concentrations of amiloride and analogues in control and benzyl alcohol treated, suggesting that the amiloride binding site was unaffected. Inhibition of vesicular transport by incubation at 4°C augmented the benzyl alcohol inhibition of NHE activity, suggesting that the fluidizer effect does not solely involve vesicle trafficking. In summary, our data demonstrate that the physical state of membrane lipids (fluidity) influences Na+/H+ exchange and may represent a physiological regulatory mechanism of NHE1 and NHE3 activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Inverse Relationship Between Membrane Lipid Fluidity and Activity of Na+/H+ Exchangers, NHE1 and NHE3, in Transfected Fibroblasts

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900307
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This report presents a study of the effects of the membrane fluidizer, benzyl alcohol, on NHE isoforms 1 and 3. Using transfectants of an NHE-deficient fibroblast, we analyzed each isoform separately. An increase in membrane fluidity resulted in a decrease of ≈50% in the specific activities of both NHE1 and NHE3. Only V max was affected; K Na was unchanged. This effect was specific, as Na+, K+, ATPase activity was slightly stimulated. Inhibition of NHE1 and NHE3 was reversible and de novo protein synthesis was not required to restore NHE activity after washout of fluidizer. Inhibition kinetics of NHE1 by amiloride, 5-(N,N-dimethyl)amiloride (DMA), 5-(N-hexamethyl)amiloride (HMA) and 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)amiloride (EIPA) were largely unchanged. Half-maximal inhibition of NHE3 was also reached at approximately the same concentrations of amiloride and analogues in control and benzyl alcohol treated, suggesting that the amiloride binding site was unaffected. Inhibition of vesicular transport by incubation at 4°C augmented the benzyl alcohol inhibition of NHE activity, suggesting that the fluidizer effect does not solely involve vesicle trafficking. In summary, our data demonstrate that the physical state of membrane lipids (fluidity) influences Na+/H+ exchange and may represent a physiological regulatory mechanism of NHE1 and NHE3 activity.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 1997

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