Int J Life Cycle Assess (2018) 23:1331–1350 DOI 10.1007/s11367-017-1353-4 WATER USE IN LCA Inventory of field water flows for agri-food LCA: critical review and recommendations of modelling options 1,2,3 2 4 2 Sandra Payen & Claudine Basset-Mens & François Colin & Pauline Roignant Received: 5 July 2016 /Accepted: 7 June 2017 /Published online: 21 July 2017 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017 Abstract study, data and resources available (time and skills). Purpose In a context of flourishing eco-labelling programs We analysed water inventory and agri-food LCA data- and environment policy for food products, LCA application bases by evaluating the models on which they rely and to agricultural systems faces the challenges of being opera- their input data. Then, we explored the use of agro- tional, accurate and exhaustive. This is particularly challeng- hydrological models for LCA aiming at discriminating ing for the newly developing LCA and ISO-compliant water between different cropping system practices (LCA-based footprinting, with many LCIA methods only recently devel- eco-design). oped, but no dedicated inventory method. To support the in- Results and discussion Water inventory and agri-food ventory of elementary water flows, LCA practitioners have a LCA databases provide estimates of theoretical water variety of tools available, ranging
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 21, 2017
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