J Psycholinguist Res (2018) 47:279–282 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10936-017-9489-8 Introduction to Reference and Anaphora in Iberian Languages 1 2 Iker Zulaica Hernández · Carlos Gelormini Lezama Published online: 2 May 2017 © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017 Within the ﬁeld of linguistics, reference is broadly deﬁned as the human ability to refer to physical, textual, and mental entities by means of linguistic expressions, also known as referring expressions. The human ability to refer is an essential component of our cognitive system. We could hardly conceive both the outside and our inner world, interact with our interlocutors, share experiences, plans, ideas, narrate past events, or anticipate the future without the ability to refer and displace reference. Linguistic reference has been one of the central topics in the ﬁelds of semantics, pragmatics, and philosophy of language for decades. More recently, linguistic reference has become a hot topic in the ﬁeld of cognitive science in general and, in particular, in psycholinguistics. Natural languages have different mechanisms to refer. In anaphora, speakers use a linguis- tic expression (the anaphor) in order to refer to another expression in the linguistic/textual context (the antecedent). Anaphoric expressions can be of a varied nature (pro-forms, deic- tic words, tense,
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research – Springer Journals
Published: May 2, 2017
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