Review of Industrial Organization
13: 1–23, 1998.
1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.
Introduction: The Evolution of Competition Law in
THOMAS W. ROSS
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, University of British Columbia, Vancouver,
B.C., Canada V6T 1Z2
The year 1996 marked ten years since the passing of two laws that promised to
reform and dramatically revitalize antitrust in Canada. The Competition Act and
the Competition Tribunal Act literally rewrote the book on competition law in
Canada, particularly with regard to merger control and the review of the activities
of dominant ﬁrms. The changes involved not only new offences and reviewable
practices, but also a signiﬁcant reform of the process: civil procedures replaced
criminal ones for the review of mergers and certain other matters and a new quasi-
judicial body, the Competition Tribunal, was created to adjudicate civil competition
The tenth anniversary of the passage of these acts would seem to mark an
appropriate occasion for a stock-taking. In 1995 a team including many of the
most accomplished scholars of Canadian antitrust economics was assembled to
review the progress of Canada’s new competition law. This special issue reports
their assessments. While the individual papers that follow each have one or only
a few authors, there is a sense in which the entire issue represents a team effort.
Authors gathered to present ﬁrst drafts of their papers at an “authors’ conference”
sponsored by the Canadian Competition Bureau in 1996. In the discussions that
followed each presentation, authors were given a great deal of input from others in
attendance, including a number of enforcement ofﬁcials from the Bureau, and the
ﬁnal versions of their papers clearly reﬂect these contributions as well as those of
the anonymous referees.
In the preparation of this introduction, the author gratefully acknowledges the very helpful
comments of Jeffrey Church, Don McFetridge, Geoff Shepherd and Bill Stanbury, the research
assistance of Francisco Salas and the ﬁnancial support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research
Council of Canada, the Canadian Competition Bureau and the SFU-UBC Centre for the Study of
Government and Business, though the views expressed here do not necessarily reﬂect the views of
any of those organizations.