The Review of Austrian Economics, 14:2/3, 111–117, 2001. c 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands. PETER BOETTKE AND ROGER KOPPL Schutz’ ¨ s Early Life and Career Alfred Schutz ¨ (1899–1959) was born into ﬁn-de-siecle ` Vienna. The old order was falling apart. The democratically elected mayor, Karl Lueger was an open anti-Semite. Conﬂicts over language rights, especially for Czechs, broke the system of constitutional monarchy in 1900, when the empire reverted to “enlightened absolutism” (Schorske 1981: p. 236). Vienna was fast becoming, in the words of Karl Kraus, a “research laboratory for world destruction” (Monk 1990: 3–27). Political collapse of the empire came with World War One. In October of 1918, young Schutz ¨ returned from the army to ﬁnd Vienna destitute. A severe coal shortage forced the Alfred Schutz ¨ (1899–1959) 112 BOETTKE AND KOPPL University to close for several weeks in the winter of 1919–1920. Before the war, Vienna had been an extraordinary center of cultural activity and innovation. The ferment con- tinued after the war despite its ravages, material and otherwise. This was the Vienna of Sigmund Freud, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Kurt Godel, ¨ Karl Popper, Gustav Klimt, Maurice Ravel, and Arnold Schonber ¨
The Review of Austrian Economics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
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