Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic potential of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) DWI for differentiating metastatic and non-metastatic lymph node stations (LNS) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods 59 LNS histologically diagnosed following surgical resection from 15 patients were included. IVIM DWI with 12 b values was added to the standard MRI protocol. Evaluation of parameters was performed pre-operatively and included the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*) and perfusion fraction (f). Diagnostic performance of ADC, D, D* and f for differentiating between metastatic and non-metastatic LNS was evaluated using ROC analysis. Results Metastatic LNS had significantly lower D, D*, f and ADC values than the non-metastatic LNS (p< 0.01). The best diagnostic performance was found in D, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.979, while the area under the ROC curve values of D*, f and ADC were 0.867, 0.855 and 0.940, respectively. The optimal cut-off values for distinguishing metastatic and non- −3 2 −3 2 −3 2 metastatic lymph nodes were D = 1.180 × 10 mm /s; D* = 14.750 × 10 mm /s, f = 20.65 %, and ADC = 1.390 × 10 mm /s. Conclusion IVIM DWI is
European Radiology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 5, 2018
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