GLI1 is a transcription factor for hedgehog signaling that plays a crucial role in signaling pathways for controlling cell proliferation, alterations of which are known to contribute to tumorigenesis. Aim of this study was to explore whether GLI1 gene is mutated in gastric (GC) and colorectal cancers (CRC). In a public database, we found that GLI1 had a G7 mononucleotide repeat in the coding sequences that could be a mutation target in the cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI). In this study, we analyzed frameshift mutation of GLI1 in 79 GCs and 129 CRCs (high MSI (MSI-H) or microsatellite stable (MSS)) by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing. We found 10 frameshift mutations in the repeat, nine for CRCs and one for GC. All of the mutations were detected in cancers with MSI-H and there was a statistical difference in the frameshift mutation frequencies between the cancers with MSI-H (10/113) and MSS (0/90). We also analyzed intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) of the frameshift mutation in 16 CRCs and found that the mutations exhibited regional ITH in three of the CRCs (18.8%). Our data indicate GLI1 harbored not only frameshift mutation but also its mutational ITH, which together could be a feature of GC and CRC with MSI-H.
Pathology & Oncology Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 29, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera