Intratumoral Heterogeneity of Frameshift Mutations of GLI1 Encoding a Hedgehog Signaling Protein in Colorectal Cancers

Intratumoral Heterogeneity of Frameshift Mutations of GLI1 Encoding a Hedgehog Signaling Protein... GLI1 is a transcription factor for hedgehog signaling that plays a crucial role in signaling pathways for controlling cell proliferation, alterations of which are known to contribute to tumorigenesis. Aim of this study was to explore whether GLI1 gene is mutated in gastric (GC) and colorectal cancers (CRC). In a public database, we found that GLI1 had a G7 mononucleotide repeat in the coding sequences that could be a mutation target in the cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI). In this study, we analyzed frameshift mutation of GLI1 in 79 GCs and 129 CRCs (high MSI (MSI-H) or microsatellite stable (MSS)) by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing. We found 10 frameshift mutations in the repeat, nine for CRCs and one for GC. All of the mutations were detected in cancers with MSI-H and there was a statistical difference in the frameshift mutation frequencies between the cancers with MSI-H (10/113) and MSS (0/90). We also analyzed intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) of the frameshift mutation in 16 CRCs and found that the mutations exhibited regional ITH in three of the CRCs (18.8%). Our data indicate GLI1 harbored not only frameshift mutation but also its mutational ITH, which together could be a feature of GC and CRC with MSI-H. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pathology & Oncology Research Springer Journals

Intratumoral Heterogeneity of Frameshift Mutations of GLI1 Encoding a Hedgehog Signaling Protein in Colorectal Cancers

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Arányi Lajos Foundation
Subject
Biomedicine; Cancer Research; Oncology; Pathology; Immunology; Biomedicine, general
ISSN
1219-4956
eISSN
1532-2807
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12253-017-0272-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

GLI1 is a transcription factor for hedgehog signaling that plays a crucial role in signaling pathways for controlling cell proliferation, alterations of which are known to contribute to tumorigenesis. Aim of this study was to explore whether GLI1 gene is mutated in gastric (GC) and colorectal cancers (CRC). In a public database, we found that GLI1 had a G7 mononucleotide repeat in the coding sequences that could be a mutation target in the cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI). In this study, we analyzed frameshift mutation of GLI1 in 79 GCs and 129 CRCs (high MSI (MSI-H) or microsatellite stable (MSS)) by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing. We found 10 frameshift mutations in the repeat, nine for CRCs and one for GC. All of the mutations were detected in cancers with MSI-H and there was a statistical difference in the frameshift mutation frequencies between the cancers with MSI-H (10/113) and MSS (0/90). We also analyzed intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) of the frameshift mutation in 16 CRCs and found that the mutations exhibited regional ITH in three of the CRCs (18.8%). Our data indicate GLI1 harbored not only frameshift mutation but also its mutational ITH, which together could be a feature of GC and CRC with MSI-H.

Journal

Pathology & Oncology ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 29, 2017

References

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