Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to study the distribution of the Spelt1 and Spelt52 repetitive DNA sequences on chromosomes of ten accessions representing three polyploid wheat species of the Timopheevi group: Triticum araraticum (7), T. timopheevii (2), and T. kiharae (1). Sequences of both families were found mostly in the subtelomeric chromosome regions of the G genome. The total number of Spelt1 sites varied from 8 to 14 in the karyotypes of the species under study; their number, location, and size differed among the seven T. araraticum accessions and were the same in the two T. timopheevii accessions and T. kiharae, an amphidiploid T. timopheevii-Aegilops tauschii hybrid. The Spelt52 tandem repeat was detected in the subtelomeric regions of chromosomes 1-4; its sites did not coincide with the Spelt1 sites. The chromosome distribution and signal intensity of the Spelt52 repeats varied in T. araraticum and were the same in T. timopheevii and T. kiharae. The chromosome distributions of the Spelt1 and Spelt52 repeats were compared for the polyploid wheats of the Timopheevi group and diploid Ae. speltoides, a putative donor of the G genome. The comparison revealed a decrease in hybridization level: both the number of sites per genome and the size of sites were lower. The decrease was assumed to result from repeat elimination during polyploidization and subsequent evolution of wheat and from the founder effect, since the origin of Timopheevi wheats might involve the genotype of Ae. speltoides, which is highly polymorphic for the distribution of Spelt1 and Spelt52 sequences and is similar in the chromosome location of the repeats to modern wheat.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 28, 2007
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