Inadequate perfusion is the most common cause of partial flap loss in reconstructive surgery. Intraoperative monitoring of flap perfusion may prevent such loss. This study compared indocyanine green fluorescence angiography (ICG-FA) and dynamic infrared thermography (DIRT) in their ability to predict intraoperatively the percentage of flap survival in a caudally based McFarlane flap in 10 male Wistar rats. The intraoperative images of both techniques were subjectively and objectively analysed. The percentage of flap survival, as judged from the digital colour photographs 7 days post-operatively, was 69 ± 3%. Objective analysis of flap survival based on intraoperative DIRT and ICG-FA (74 vs 63%, respectively) correlated quite well with the subjective measurements (75 ± 2 vs 59 ± 4%, respectively). However, intraoperative ICG-FA images underestimated flap survival by 6–10%, while intraoperative DIRT images overestimated the flap survival by 5–6%. The authors conclude that intraoperative use of ICG-FA and DIRT can provide valuable information on areas with inadequate perfusion as long as their limitations are respected.
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2008
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