Intranasal immunization with live attenuated influenza vaccine plus chitosan as an adjuvant protects mice against homologous and heterologous virus challenge

Intranasal immunization with live attenuated influenza vaccine plus chitosan as an adjuvant... Our previous studies have proven the adjuvanticity of chitosan in mice when administered with inactivated and subunit influenza vaccine. In this study, we investigated the adjuvant effect of chitosan on the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a live attenuated influenza vaccine. Mice were inoculated intranasally with live attenuated influenza vaccine plus chitosan and then challenged with a high, lethal dose of homologous or heterologous virus. Antibody responses, secretion of IFN-γ by spleen cells, body weight loss, survival rates, and residual lung virus titers were tested. The results demonstrated that live attenuated influenza vaccine with chitosan adjuvant not only protected mice completely against challenge with the homologous virus but also provided good cross-protection against a heterologous virus. In addition, chitosan as adjuvant could significantly increase the levels of antigen-specific antibodies and the population of IFN-γ-secreting T cells. These results reveal the potential of chitosan as a candidate adjuvant for use in a live attenuated influenza vaccine. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Intranasal immunization with live attenuated influenza vaccine plus chitosan as an adjuvant protects mice against homologous and heterologous virus challenge

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-012-1318-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Our previous studies have proven the adjuvanticity of chitosan in mice when administered with inactivated and subunit influenza vaccine. In this study, we investigated the adjuvant effect of chitosan on the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a live attenuated influenza vaccine. Mice were inoculated intranasally with live attenuated influenza vaccine plus chitosan and then challenged with a high, lethal dose of homologous or heterologous virus. Antibody responses, secretion of IFN-γ by spleen cells, body weight loss, survival rates, and residual lung virus titers were tested. The results demonstrated that live attenuated influenza vaccine with chitosan adjuvant not only protected mice completely against challenge with the homologous virus but also provided good cross-protection against a heterologous virus. In addition, chitosan as adjuvant could significantly increase the levels of antigen-specific antibodies and the population of IFN-γ-secreting T cells. These results reveal the potential of chitosan as a candidate adjuvant for use in a live attenuated influenza vaccine.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 1, 2012

References

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