Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol (2018) 41:1505–1512 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00270-018-1997-x CLINICAL INVESTIGATION VENOUS INTERVENTIONS Intramuscular Venous Malformations of the Upper and Lower Limbs: Indications and Outcomes of Sclerotherapy 1 1 1 • • Giuseppe Bianchini Daniele Camilli Sergio Furgiuele Received: 19 October 2017 / Accepted: 21 May 2018 / Published online: 30 May 2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2018 Abstract Level of Evidence Level 4, Case Series. Purpose Multiple treatment options have been described for intramuscular venous malformations (VMs) of the Keywords Venous malformations Intramuscular limbs. At the current time, there are no clear management Sclerotherapy guidelines. The aim was to evaluate efﬁcacy and safety of sclerotherapy in this type of VMs. Materials and Methods This is a single-center, retrospec- tive review of patients treated for extremity intramuscular VMs between January 2013 and June 2017. The primary Introduction outcomes were the improvement of symptoms self-asses- sed by questionnaires, and the reduction in VM size mea- Venous malformations (VMs) are the most common con- sured by magnetic resonance (MRI). genital vascular anomalies . They are located in skeletal Results Sclerotherapy was performed in 81 patients with muscles in up
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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