Intersubband optical transitions in InAs/GaSb quantum wells

Intersubband optical transitions in InAs/GaSb quantum wells The effects of electron-hole hybridization, structural asymmetry with respect to spatial inversion, bulk asymmetry, and the interface Hamiltonian upon the optical absorption of linearly polarized light in broken-gap heterostructures are treated with the use of the eight-band Burt-Foreman envelope function theory and the self-consistent solution of the Schrödinger equation and the Poisson equation. The broken-gap heterostructures, specifically, the AlSb/InAs/GaSb/AlSb quantum wells, grown along the [001] direction offer promise for the fabrication of various devices. The anisotropy induced by the above-listed effects in the dispersion relations of size-quantization subbands and in optical matrix elements is established. The bulk asymmetry and the interface Hamiltonian modify the selection rules for intersubband transitions on the exposure of the structures to linearly polarized light. As a result, the initially forbidden spin-flip transitions are allowed. This brings about a large number of peaks in the dependence of the absorption coefficient on the photon energy, if the light polarization vector is directed along the axis of growth of the structure. If the light polarization vector is in the plane of the structure, the bulk asymmetry and the interface Hamiltonian induce strong longitudinal anisotropy of the absorption due to the hybridization of states with oppositely oriented spins. These effects are comprehensively studied for optical transitions involving hybridized electron-hole states in quantum wells grown on InAs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Microelectronics Springer Journals

Intersubband optical transitions in InAs/GaSb quantum wells

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Engineering; Electrical Engineering
ISSN
1063-7397
eISSN
1608-3415
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063739710010087
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effects of electron-hole hybridization, structural asymmetry with respect to spatial inversion, bulk asymmetry, and the interface Hamiltonian upon the optical absorption of linearly polarized light in broken-gap heterostructures are treated with the use of the eight-band Burt-Foreman envelope function theory and the self-consistent solution of the Schrödinger equation and the Poisson equation. The broken-gap heterostructures, specifically, the AlSb/InAs/GaSb/AlSb quantum wells, grown along the [001] direction offer promise for the fabrication of various devices. The anisotropy induced by the above-listed effects in the dispersion relations of size-quantization subbands and in optical matrix elements is established. The bulk asymmetry and the interface Hamiltonian modify the selection rules for intersubband transitions on the exposure of the structures to linearly polarized light. As a result, the initially forbidden spin-flip transitions are allowed. This brings about a large number of peaks in the dependence of the absorption coefficient on the photon energy, if the light polarization vector is directed along the axis of growth of the structure. If the light polarization vector is in the plane of the structure, the bulk asymmetry and the interface Hamiltonian induce strong longitudinal anisotropy of the absorption due to the hybridization of states with oppositely oriented spins. These effects are comprehensively studied for optical transitions involving hybridized electron-hole states in quantum wells grown on InAs.

Journal

Russian MicroelectronicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 21, 2010

References

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