Internationalization of Science-Based Start-Ups:
Opportunity or Requirement?
Manlio Del Giudice
Received: 14 December 2015 / Accepted: 17 January 2016 /
Published online: 28 January 2016
Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016
Abstract The current economic context is characterized by a global hypercompetition.
The modern entrepreneurial approach is, therefore, more and more focused on the
identification and actualization of new opportunities, like emerging on the international
scene, rather than being based on a rational combination of know-how and of market-
ing expectations. Nowadays, the phenomena of internationalization affects every
type of organization: private and public, for-profit and nonprofit, and large and
small. As a consequence of the above, international entrepreneurship (IE) has
recently emerged as a research field and this article aims at exploring some its
implications. IE may be considered a set of new and innovative activities aiming at
the creation of value and growth beyond national borders, by the combination of
innovative, proactive, and risk-seeking behaviors that crosses national borders. In
this context, we focus on a specific case: knowledge-based firms. In order to
achieve this scope, after a preliminary section delineating the research field, we
have developed our study in a number of steps that approach the research topic.
Firstly, we explore and summarize the literature about research on the emerging area
J Knowl Econ (2018) 9:649–664
The authors have revised and expanded the paper published in Industry and Higher Education (2008) as
Dell’Anno D., Knowledge-based entrepreneurship in a boundless research system.
* Davide Dell’Anno
Manlio Del Giudice
Department of Economics, Second University of Naples, Corso Granpriorato di Malta, Capua
(CE) 81043, Italy
University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Cassino, Italy
University of Rome BLink Campus^, Rome, Italy