Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2005, p. 203. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Biologiya Morya, Usov. REVIEWS International Ocean Atlas, Vol. 7 International Ocean Atlas and Information Series. Vol. 7: 36-Year Time Series (1963–1998) of Zooplankton, Temperature, and Salinity in the White Sea, Berger, V., Naumov, A., Usov, N., Zubaha, M., Smolyar, I., Tatusko, R., and Levitus, S., Eds., St. Petersburg; Washington, 2003, 362 pp.) N. Usov Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences In 2003, the White Sea Biological Station of the Study of the dynamics of plankton numbers in years Zoological Institute (Russian Academy of Sciences) with extreme oceanographic conditions has revealed groups of bioindicators of temperatures and salinity together with the Laboratory of Marine Climate of the anomalies, which are highly sensitive to ﬂuctuations in National Data Center for Oceanography (United States) issued a monograph dealing with long-term monitoring these factors. Data on temperature anomalies are com- pared with the temperature optima of these species, of zooplankton and oceanographic parameters in the which were estimated from long-term series. The esti- White Sea. This is the 7th book of the International mated optima help identify groups of cold- and warm- Ocean Atlas and Information Series published by the water organisms. World Data Center for Oceanography (Washington) in the English language. The book is well illustrated with about 1000 graphs showing the seasonal dynamics of salinity, tempera- This work is based on unique year-round observa- ture, and abundance of 23 species and groups of organ- tions of zooplankton (from 1963) and temperature and isms from plankton samples at the 10-day station. For salinity (from 1961) at standard depths. Samples were all species of copepods, different stages of the life cycle collected at a point with coordinates 66°19.5′ N and were taken into account. The seasonal dynamics (aver- 33°39.4′ E (10-day station), which is located at the aged over the entire period of observations) under nor- mouth of Chupa Inlet (Kandalaksha Bay, near the mal and anomalous conditions at different depths are White Sea Biological Station, opposite Cape Kartesh). shown. There is a variety of diagrams showing long- During the ice-free period, samples were taken at term variations of oceanographic parameters at stan- 10-day intervals from a ship; and in winter, once a dard depths; optimum temperature values; variation of month from the ice. Monitoring is continuing at the numbers of indicator species in years with anomalous same time intervals. oceanographic regimes. The list of publications includes 49 references. The The ﬁrst part of the book brieﬂy describes the envi- “Book Shelf” section reproduces full-text variants of ronmental conditions in the investigated area and in the ﬁve main works on long-tern studies at the 10-day sta- whole White Sea, as well as the history of the White tion. Sea Biological Station. The second part covers the sea- The materials published in the book are also provided sonal and long-term dynamics of oceanographic on a compact disk as a program interface. Data are also parameters and zooplankton. In particular, years with available at the website of the US National Oceano- positive and negative temperature and salinity anoma- graphic Research Center: http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/ lies have been identiﬁed during the course of these OC5/WH_SEA/index1.html observations. This is important for evaluating the responses of planktonic organisms to extreme devia- The book and disk are intended for oceanologists, tions from normal environmental parameters. The hydrobiologists, planktonologists, and ﬁsheries special- White Sea Station is distant from large industrial cen- ists. Orders can be sent to (1) 199034, St. Petersburg, ters, and thus the 10-day station provides background Universitetskaya nab. 1, Zoological Institute, Russian monitoring, which allows assessment of the effects of Academy of Sciences, White Sea Biological Station, natural environmental factors on the planktonic com- e-mail: email@example.com; (2) USA, National Oceanographic munity. Data Center, e-mail: NODC.Services@noaa.gov 1063-0740/05/3103-0203 © 2005 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 13, 2005
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