Internal Erosion in Dams: Studies and Rehabilitation

Internal Erosion in Dams: Studies and Rehabilitation In embankment dams, filters/drain systems constitute a first line of defense against the phase of continuation of erosion. It is generally assumed by several authors that the continuation of internal erosion can be prevented using adequate granular filters in areas where important hydraulic gradients may develop. This paper addresses the most important purpose and functions of filters. Once the internal erosion process initiates, for a given load condition, and there are no effective filters stopping eroded particles along the erosion path, the occurrence of progression of internal erosion should be assessed. In zoned dams, upstream zones may assist in controlling the phase of progression of erosion, before flows became excessively large for the downstream zone to discharge safely. The limitation of the progression of internal erosion in zoned dams, potentially caused by an upstream zone can be assessed using a new test cell. This device and correspondent test results are presented and analyzed. Two case studies of dams with internal erosion problems are described. The first is an embankment dam, Lapão dam, where due to design and construction problems an internal erosion process was developed. The other is Crestuma dam, a gated structure type. Since the dam started operating, http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Civil Engineering Springer Journals

Internal Erosion in Dams: Studies and Rehabilitation

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Iran University of Science and Technology
Subject
Engineering; Civil Engineering
ISSN
1735-0522
eISSN
2383-3874
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40999-018-0329-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In embankment dams, filters/drain systems constitute a first line of defense against the phase of continuation of erosion. It is generally assumed by several authors that the continuation of internal erosion can be prevented using adequate granular filters in areas where important hydraulic gradients may develop. This paper addresses the most important purpose and functions of filters. Once the internal erosion process initiates, for a given load condition, and there are no effective filters stopping eroded particles along the erosion path, the occurrence of progression of internal erosion should be assessed. In zoned dams, upstream zones may assist in controlling the phase of progression of erosion, before flows became excessively large for the downstream zone to discharge safely. The limitation of the progression of internal erosion in zoned dams, potentially caused by an upstream zone can be assessed using a new test cell. This device and correspondent test results are presented and analyzed. Two case studies of dams with internal erosion problems are described. The first is an embankment dam, Lapão dam, where due to design and construction problems an internal erosion process was developed. The other is Crestuma dam, a gated structure type. Since the dam started operating,

Journal

International Journal of Civil EngineeringSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

References

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