A slightly fuel-rich (Φ = 1.3) premixed laminar flat morpholine/oxygen/argon flame at 40 mbar was studied with cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS). Morpholine as a secondary amine was considered as a prototypical nitrogenated biofuel. To contribute to the investigation of fuel-nitrogen conversion chemistry in this flame, absolute mole fraction profiles of CH, CN, and NH2 were determined. To our knowledge, this is the first study reporting quantitative mole fractions of these radicals from CRDS in a low-pressure flame of a model biofuel. The species profiles are discussed in combination with some relevant intermediates from molecular beam mass spectrometry, determined in this flame very recently (Lucassen et al., Proc Combust Inst 32(1):1269–1276, 2009). Some relative species profiles were also determined in flames of further amines to facilitate comparison. The results demonstrate that NH3- and HCN-related chemistry occurs in different regions of this flame. HCN production is considerable, and NO is found in the exhaust gases in percent-level concentrations. To monitor the combustion status, chemiluminescence is increasingly being applied as an intrinsic low-cost sensor. We believe to present the first chemiluminescence measurements in a flame of a prototypical nitrogenated biofuel, reporting relative emission intensities for five excited-state species. The shapes and maximum positions of the ground- and excited-state profiles show interesting differences, especially for the CN radical, which must be the consequence of different reaction pathways.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 27, 2010
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera