Intercalary heterochromatin in the genome of Drosophila

Intercalary heterochromatin in the genome of Drosophila The modern concept of intercalary heterochromatin as polytene chromosome regions exhibiting a number of specific characteristics is formulated. DNA constituting these regions is replicated late in the S period; therefore, some strands of polytene chromosomes are underrepresented; i.e., they are underreplicated. Late-replicating regions account for about 7% of the genome; genes are located there in clusters of as many as 40. In general, the gene density in the clusters is substantially lower than in the main part of the genome. Late-replicating regions have an inactivating capacity: genes incorporated into these regions as parts of transposons are inactivated with a higher probability. These regions contain a specific protein SUUR affecting the rate of replication completion. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals
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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795410100248
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The modern concept of intercalary heterochromatin as polytene chromosome regions exhibiting a number of specific characteristics is formulated. DNA constituting these regions is replicated late in the S period; therefore, some strands of polytene chromosomes are underrepresented; i.e., they are underreplicated. Late-replicating regions account for about 7% of the genome; genes are located there in clusters of as many as 40. In general, the gene density in the clusters is substantially lower than in the main part of the genome. Late-replicating regions have an inactivating capacity: genes incorporated into these regions as parts of transposons are inactivated with a higher probability. These regions contain a specific protein SUUR affecting the rate of replication completion.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2010

References

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