Interband cascade laser-based ppbv-level mid-infrared methane detection using two digital lock-in amplifier schemes

Interband cascade laser-based ppbv-level mid-infrared methane detection using two digital lock-in... A parts-per-billion in volume (ppbv) level mid-infrared methane (CH4) sensor system was demonstrated using second-harmonic wavelength modulation spectroscopy (2f-WMS). A 3291 nm interband cascade laser (ICL) and a multi-pass gas cell (MPGC) with a 16 m optical path length were adopted in the reported sensor system. Two digital lock-in amplifier (DLIA) schemes, a digital signal processor (DSP)-based DLIA and a LabVIEW-based DLIA, were used for harmonic signal extraction. A limit of detection (LoD) of ~ 13.07 ppbv with an averaging time of 2 s was achieved using the DSP-based DLIA and a LoD of ~ 5.84 ppbv was obtained using the LabVIEW-based DLIA with the same averaging time. A rise time of 0→2 parts-per-million in volume (ppmv) and fall time of 2→0 ppmv were observed. Outdoor atmospheric CH4 concentration measurements were carried out to evaluate the sensor performance using the two DLIA schemes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Physics B Springer Journals

Interband cascade laser-based ppbv-level mid-infrared methane detection using two digital lock-in amplifier schemes

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Physics; Physics, general; Physical Chemistry; Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices; Quantum Optics; Engineering, general
ISSN
0946-2171
eISSN
1432-0649
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00340-018-6916-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A parts-per-billion in volume (ppbv) level mid-infrared methane (CH4) sensor system was demonstrated using second-harmonic wavelength modulation spectroscopy (2f-WMS). A 3291 nm interband cascade laser (ICL) and a multi-pass gas cell (MPGC) with a 16 m optical path length were adopted in the reported sensor system. Two digital lock-in amplifier (DLIA) schemes, a digital signal processor (DSP)-based DLIA and a LabVIEW-based DLIA, were used for harmonic signal extraction. A limit of detection (LoD) of ~ 13.07 ppbv with an averaging time of 2 s was achieved using the DSP-based DLIA and a LoD of ~ 5.84 ppbv was obtained using the LabVIEW-based DLIA with the same averaging time. A rise time of 0→2 parts-per-million in volume (ppmv) and fall time of 2→0 ppmv were observed. Outdoor atmospheric CH4 concentration measurements were carried out to evaluate the sensor performance using the two DLIA schemes.

Journal

Applied Physics BSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 23, 2018

References

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