To determine whether the enhanced stress tolerance of ZnSO4 with NiSO4-treated Mimulus guttatus Fischer ex DC. plants was associated with the glutathione (GR-GSH) system, we investigated the changes in glutathione redox state (reduced (GSH), oxidized (GSSG) forms, total reduced (GSHt) glutathione, and GSH/GSSG ratio) and in the enzymatic activities of glutathione reductase (GR) and peroxidatic glutathione S-transferases (GST). The 6-week-old plants were grown in water culture during 4 weeks on a modified Rorison’s medium with ZnSO4 (50, 100, and 200 μM) and NiSO4 (20 and 80 μM) in a condition of separate or simultaneous supply of the components. Dry biomass accumulations of roots and shoots were not influenced by the examined treatments. The positive correlations between the total external concentrations of ZnSO4 and NiSO4 and the total Zn and Ni contents in roots and leaves were found. It was determined that the MDA content was higher in the ZnSO4-treated plants than in the NiSO4-treated ones. The supplementation of the ZnSO4-treated plants with varied concentrations of NiSO4 decreased the Zn-induced increase in the MDA levels. The inverse proportionality between the MDA and pigment levels in leaves was found. The Zn-Ni interactions were shown to induce the decreases in the GR activity, the total peroxidatic GST activity, and the GSH/GSSG ratio in roots. However, in leaves, the GR activity and the GSH/GSSG ratio were significantly increased and the total peroxidatic GST activity was decreased. The supplementation of the ZnSO4-treated plants with varied concentrations of NiSO4 restored the Zn-induced reduction in the GSHt levels in roots and decreased the Zn-induced increase in the GSSG levels in leaves, which resulted in more reduced state of the intracellular environment. It was likely to cause a decrease of the MDA level. Thus, our studies on the Zn−Ni interactions identified the antagonizing role of Ni in Zn toxicity by the GR-GSH system.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 11, 2016
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera