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Interactive Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury and Anxiety Sensitivity on PTSD Symptoms: A Replication and Extension in Two Clinical Samples

Interactive Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury and Anxiety Sensitivity on PTSD Symptoms: A... Traumatic brain injury is prevalent and linked with heightened risk for post-traumatic stress symptoms, yet little research has investigated the role of well-established cognitive-affective risk factors in explaining this association. The present study addressed this gap by evaluating if elevations in anxiety sensitivity global score and subscales (cognitive concerns, physical concerns, social concerns) potentiated the effects of traumatic brain injury history on post-traumatic stress symptoms in two clinical samples: trauma-exposed smokers (n = 256; study 1) and trauma-exposed treatment-seeking adults (n = 117; study 2). Both samples revealed a significant interaction such that traumatic brain injury was more strongly linked with post-traumatic stress symptoms among those with high anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns. In addition, anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns demonstrated a stronger relationship with post-traumatic stress symptoms among those with a traumatic brain injury history. Taken together, these results of both studies underscore the importance of anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns in the association of traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress symptoms. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cognitive Therapy and Research Springer Journals

Interactive Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury and Anxiety Sensitivity on PTSD Symptoms: A Replication and Extension in Two Clinical Samples

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Quality of Life Research; Clinical Psychology; Cognitive Psychology
ISSN
0147-5916
eISSN
1573-2819
DOI
10.1007/s10608-017-9883-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury is prevalent and linked with heightened risk for post-traumatic stress symptoms, yet little research has investigated the role of well-established cognitive-affective risk factors in explaining this association. The present study addressed this gap by evaluating if elevations in anxiety sensitivity global score and subscales (cognitive concerns, physical concerns, social concerns) potentiated the effects of traumatic brain injury history on post-traumatic stress symptoms in two clinical samples: trauma-exposed smokers (n = 256; study 1) and trauma-exposed treatment-seeking adults (n = 117; study 2). Both samples revealed a significant interaction such that traumatic brain injury was more strongly linked with post-traumatic stress symptoms among those with high anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns. In addition, anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns demonstrated a stronger relationship with post-traumatic stress symptoms among those with a traumatic brain injury history. Taken together, these results of both studies underscore the importance of anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns in the association of traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress symptoms.

Journal

Cognitive Therapy and ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 19, 2018

References