Interactions of Primary Amphipathic Vector Peptides with Membranes. Conformational Consequences and Influence on Cellular Localization

Interactions of Primary Amphipathic Vector Peptides with Membranes. Conformational Consequences... The conformations of two peptides produced by the combinations of a nuclear localization sequence and a sequence issued from the fusion protein gp41 of HIV 1 have been analyzed both in solution and in membranes or in membrane mimicking environments. Both are shown to be nonordered in water, α-helical when incorporated into SDS micelles where the helical domain concerns the hydrophobic part of the peptides. Interactions with lipids induce the formation of β-sheet and the lipid-peptide interactions are governed by the nature of the lipid polar headgroups. A monolayer study shows that replacement of the sequence separating the two sequences with an arginine favors the lipid-peptide interactions which may contribute to the understanding of the different, nuclear and membrane associated, cellular localizations of the peptides. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Interactions of Primary Amphipathic Vector Peptides with Membranes. Conformational Consequences and Influence on Cellular Localization

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900363
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The conformations of two peptides produced by the combinations of a nuclear localization sequence and a sequence issued from the fusion protein gp41 of HIV 1 have been analyzed both in solution and in membranes or in membrane mimicking environments. Both are shown to be nonordered in water, α-helical when incorporated into SDS micelles where the helical domain concerns the hydrophobic part of the peptides. Interactions with lipids induce the formation of β-sheet and the lipid-peptide interactions are governed by the nature of the lipid polar headgroups. A monolayer study shows that replacement of the sequence separating the two sequences with an arginine favors the lipid-peptide interactions which may contribute to the understanding of the different, nuclear and membrane associated, cellular localizations of the peptides.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 1998

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