Flow visualization, heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics in flow through staggered tube bundles have been regarded as classical, with results well-documented. However, the mechanism of producing such results has been left untouched. Applications of staggered tube bundles are abundant in industry, for example as heat exchange devices like the shell-and-tube type and fuel bundles in nuclear reactor cores. An experimental study is recorded in the present paper which investigates the interaction of von Karman vortices and intersecting main streams in staggered tube bundles. Flow visualization by means of the particle tracing method, laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) and pressure drop measurements using a piezometer are conducted. A modified Reynolds number appropriate to flow through a staggered tube arrangement is defined together with a pressure drop coefficient. Auto-correlation and power spectrum analyses of signals obtained from LDV measurements yield an optimum spectrum frequency which is correlated against the Reynolds number. It is concluded that flow characteristics in staggered tube bundles are determined by the interaction between the von Karman vortex street and X-shaped interacting main streams.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 1, 1999
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